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Apple trees

Bramley Apple Trees, Gala Apple Trees, Braeburn Apple Trees, Cox’s Orange Pippin Apple Trees, Pink Lady Apple tree…… whatever your preference in Apples our superb Apple tree range covers all varieties!
Johns Market Garden Apple and dwarf Apple trees are propagated onto virus free rootstocks and selected from the truest healthiest budwood available. Apple trees of superior quality and performance that will yield to their utmost potential. An Apple tree can last a lifetime – never plant second best! Apple trees are the number one choice of fruit tree for most gardens. There are Apple trees to suit all gardens and uses, including cordon apples, and fan trained or espalier trees for walls, not to mention dwarf apple trees and miniature apples trees too which are suitable for a patio container. Such small trees may still produce in excess of 30ibs of fruit, more than enough for an average family. An Apple tree is invariably generous and productive, easy to grow and with fruits that often store well for use over a long period. Johns Market Garden also offers rootstocks that are larger and suitable for paddock, field and orchard planting.

There are many attractive and practical methods of growing apples. If you have a spare fence or wall why not grow them as Fan or Espalier trained? You will need around 6-8' in height and width for each tree and any aspect can be utilized. These are very attractive forms, the Fan especially so and can bring a great deal of life to an otherwise unused wall. You can buy trees and train them yourself or purchase ready trained 2-3 year old trees.

Apple tree varieties There is a huge, huge choice of variety, with breeding stations and enthusiasts busy crossing the best varieties for hundreds of years. England has an enviable heritage of classic varieties, and many more from the past that have all but disappeared. You will find the list is a very long one as we like to offer as fully a comprehensive range as if possible. We hope you enjoy reading about the many and varied characteristics and the complex and fascinating flavours too.

Stepovers have been cultivated since Victorian times and are the very smallest of all fruit trees. Apples perform particularly well but you can also grow pears, plums and gages in this way. At scarcely 18" tall, a step over has just 2 main laterals trained horizontally to attain an elongated 'T' shape. Used to edge a border, kitchen garden or veg area, these are very attractive and the fruits produced can be quite large. Plant 4' apart. Buy trees on M27 stock and train yourself or ready made trees are available.

Cordon Apple trees are very productive, space saving and easy to grow. Plant just 2-3' apart, even as a fruiting 'hedge'. Can be grown self supporting, as a row, or against a fence or a wall. Very little pruning is involved; we use the M9 stock for cordons. Cordons are excellent on most soil types excepting those that are light or thin.

Pollination: Most varieties of Apple are not self-fertile. To make sure you have varieties that ‘go’ together choose those that have the same or adjacent pollination groups. This is given as a number after the variety name. For example Beauty of Bath, which is a [1] pollination group will pollinate well with other number 1 pollination group varieties, such as Egremont Russet or Lord Lambourne, as well as those in number 2 group, like James Grieve or Red Devil. However it won’t go with a variety that is in number 3 pollination group, such as Charles Ross. To make it easier for you we have listed recommended pollinators at the end of the description for each variety, but the list is not fully comprehensive – just some recommendations, so you may wish to match up the pollination groups as described above. If in doubt contact us and we’ll run an eye over your list. A few varieties are self fertile – Redsleeves, Red Falstaff, Greensleeves, Self-fertile Cox’s, Herefordshire Russet etc, and if a variety is mentioned as self fertile then you don’t have to worry about pollinators.

APPLE TREE ROOTSTOCKS There are a range of stocks on which our apples are grafted. A rootstock determines how big the tree will grow; if you want a bush tree you need to decide which rootstock is the most appropriate for your needs – which is largely determined by your available space and usage. You won’t need to choose a rootstock if you are ordering cordon, fan, espalier, stepover or columnar trees as these will automatically come on the best rootstock for them.

Rootstock M27 This is a miniature rootstock, used for very small gardens, the garden border, or in containers on the patio. Mature at around 5-6’, the spread is the same. Despite it’s small stature, crops can be very heavy – 30ibs or more. It is a strange anomaly that the dwarfing and miniature stocks – such as M27, and also the M9, actually produce fruits that are often bigger than larger or normal sized trees! They are also more precocious, often yielding from the first or second year.

Rootstock M9 This is a dwarfing stock, just a little bigger than the M27, and growing to 6-8’ in height and spread. Crops are heavier again and this is now the preferred rootstock for most commercial orchards since it can easily be harvested from the ground [no need for ladders] and is heavy cropping early in life

Rootstock M106 Is much more vigorous. Ideal for a ‘traditional’ orchard, or growing in grass, paddock etc. It can be grown on with a trunk clearance of around 4-5’ and will reach a height overall of approximately 12-15’ with the same spread.

COLUMNAR APPLE TREES
This is a relatively recent development in which the tree is grown as a ‘straight up’ and down specimen with all the main side laterals kept to just a few inches in length. This allows for planting at high density – just 2-3’ apart, and they are also ideal for growing in containers. The elegant habit is attractive and the once-only a year pruning method is simplicity itself. An apple grown in this way can produce 20-30 full sized fruits. A columnar apple tree can be grown very close together and allowed to form a wonderful ‘fruiting hedge’ or it can be spread through a border as you wish, or planted alongside a path or walkway. There are a lot of exciting possibilities for the columnar tree. Not only can you grow apples in this way, but also plums, gages, pears, damsons, gage and cherry.

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Johns Market Garden :: Nr Kings Lynn :: Norfolk :: PE34 3QB
Telephone: 0844 8004006 :: Email: info@johnsmarketgarden.com