Johns Market Garden Pear trees are top quality and well grown, free from disease and expertly packed. Read on and discover Pear trees suited to every use, including dwarf Pear trees, for a small garden, cordon Pear trees, Pears for wall and fence and Pear Trees for a traditional orchard. Johns Market garden grows a very wide range of Pear tree varieties including the classic Conference Pear Tree, Conference is the original self fertile Pear Tree. As well as Conference Pears we find the classic Williams Pear tree a very popular choice. Williams Pears have a divine flavour. Williams Pears can be pollinated with Conference Pears. Conference itself needs no pollinators. Johns Market Gardens Pear tree range is also including old traditional types that are now hard to find.
The best Pears come from your own home grown Pear Trees! Fully ripe and warm from the sun, this has to be one of the finest treats of the season. The enhanced flavour from Pears hand picked from your own tree is greatly superior to shop bought and with such a wealth of deliciously flavoured and varied Pear tree varieties from which to choose, they should be included as part of every orchard or fruit growing programme.
Closely allied to the Quince tree, [Cydonia oblonga] the cultivated Pear tree belongs to the Pyrus communis family. It has glossier leaves than an apple and umbels of creamy white hawthorn scented flowers in early Spring. A Pear tree blossoms earlier than an Apple and just after the Plum trees, and also befits a garden setting especially with its beautiful Autumn leaf colour, which is often ochre gold and orange!
ROOTSTOCKS USED FOR PEARS
A rootstock determines how big the Pear tree will grow. Choose the rootstock most appropriate to your needs and available space.
Pyrodwarf A dwarf Pear tree. New and the smallest available rootstock for Pears. Excels for container work, the patio and smallest bed or border. Easily kept to just 6’ in height with the same spread.
Quince C Rootstock. Previously the smallest bush-tree stock. Can easily be kept to 8’ in height, the best general garden rootstock.
Quince A Rootstock Larger than Quince C, growing to 10’ – 12’ + and the same across. The standard rootstock for an orchard sized tree, grassland, paddock, lawn etc.
Columnar Pear Trees A simple, elegant columnar type tree. Up to 30 full sized fruits, easy to grow and little pruning involved. Ideal for patio pots, lining a driveway, planted close together as a wonderful fruiting ‘hedge’ or as an arch. 2-3’ is the optimum planting distance or spread around the border as you wish. Crops early in life, often from the first year.[Similar to, but a little more slender than a cordon and on a smaller rootstock]
Stepover Tree Very short tree used for border-edging for the kitchen garden or edge of a lawn. Plant approximately 3-4’ apart.
Fan/Espalier Trees for wall training; plant 8’ apart and with not less than 6’ in available height.
Cordon Pears A single stem tree with short laterals. Heavy cropping, easy to prune. Plant 3’ apart. Height approx 7-8’
Pear Tree pollination
Pollination: Most varieties of Pear are not self-fertile. To make sure you have varieties that ‘go’ together choose those that have the same or adjacent pollination groups. This is given as a number after the variety name. To make it easier for you we have listed recommended pollinators at the end of the description for each variety, but the list is not fully comprehensive – just some recommendations, so you may wish to match up the pollination groups as described above. If in doubt contact us and we’ll run an eye over your list. Some varieties of Pear tree are self fertile in which case you don’t need to worry about pollination. Conference, Concorde, Invincible and Durondeau are all self pollinating Pear varieties.
GETTING THE MOST FROM THE PEAR SEASON
With a little planning you can harvest and eat your own Pears from August through till April at least. ‘Beth’ is one of the earliest varieties generally grown, a pretty little primrose yellow Pear with an exceedingly sweet flavour, it ripens in August and can be eaten straight from the tree. September sees an influx of second early Pear varieties. The Williams comes into season then along with the excellent new variety Concorde, Sensation [very much a red skinned Williams Pear] and Onward – a superb, heavy and satisfying eating sensation. October is the most abundant time for Pears with the esteemed Conference becoming fit for use, along with a plethora of others such as Merton Pride, Doyenne du Comice [the ‘Queen’ of Pears] and Beurre Hardy to name but a few. Most of these varieties store and we now come to the very latest varieties, such as Winter Nellis which will keep in a shed or garage, carefully wrapped in newspaper, until the Spring. Remember if you are short on space that if you grow your Pear trees as space-saving columnar trees then you can easily fit 5 Pear varieties in a line of just 10-12’ in length, and you only need 18” in width for the row.
COLUMNAR PEAR TREES
This is a relatively recent development in which the tree is grown as a ‘straight up’ and down specimen with all the main side laterals kept to just a few inches in length. This allows for planting at high density – just 2-3’ apart, and they are also ideal for growing in containers. The elegant habit is attractive and the once-only a year pruning method is simplicity itself. A Pear tree grown in this way can produce 20-30 full sized fruits. A columnar pear tree can be grown very close together and allowed to form a wonderful ‘fruiting hedge’ or it can be spread through a border as you wish, or planted alongside a path or walkway. There are a lot of exciting possibilities for the columnar tree. Not only can you grow pears in this way, but also plums, gages, apples, damsons, gage and cherry.